Intermittent irrigation is among the activities done when practicing the system of rice intensification (SRI) to increase rice yields as well as farmers’ profit margin in a sustainable manner. Regardless of this, little information is known with regard to the drivers toward to or not to adopt SRI practices by subsistence farmers. A study that attempted to shade light on the extent of adoption of SRI practices by rice farmers was conducted at Mkindo Rice Irrigation Scheme in Morogoro region. Experimental research design and expert sampling plan was employed in which structured interview schedule was used to collect cross sectional data of 100 SRI and non-SRI participants. Descriptive statistics information was obtained using SPSS package. Survey results showed that high grain yield (58.93%) and increased return to labour (51.79%) were key factors that influenced rice farmers to adopt SRI. Contrary, lack of training (79.54%), awareness (77.27%) and skills acquisition (52.27%) on SRI practices were factors that negatively influenced the adoption of SRI practices. It is therefore concluded that high grain yield and increased return to labour influenced rice farmers to adopt SRI technology. Conversely, lack of training and awareness on SRI technology were key barriers to SRI adoption. It is therefore recommended that smallholder rice farmers should be trained and made aware of high grain yield and increased returns to labour associated with SRI technology so as to adopt it.
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